Smoke inhalation. Smoke from a fire contains chemicals that damage the membrane between the air sacs and the capillaries, allowing fluid to enter your lungs. Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a condition where fluid accumulates in the lungs after an injury to the brain, spinal cord and surrounding structures of the central nervous system. INTRODUCTION. 2. pertaining to the pulmonary artery. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure.It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to remove blood adequately from the pulmonary circulation (cardiogenic pulmonary edema), or an injury to the lung tissue or blood vessels of the lung (non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema). Epidemiology and Demographics Incidence. Injuries known to cause neurogenic pulmonary edema are trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, stroke, meningitis, seizure, and spinal cord injury. It can occur within minutes of a CNS injury or be delayed up to 24 hours. The incidence of neurogenic pulmonary edema is approximately 2000 to 42900 per 100,000 individuals in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Males are more commonly affected by pulmonary edema than woman. The etiology is thought to be a surge of catecholamines that results in cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farnaz Khalighinejad, MD Overview. Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH) is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by deep and rapid breaths at a rate of at least 25 breaths per minute. 1. adj. Originating in the nerves or nervous tissue: a neurogenic tumor. pulmonary [pul´mo-ner″e] 1. pertaining to the lungs; called also pulmonic and pneumonic. It can lead to serious and life threatening complications, and may even increase the risk of pulmonary infections. Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of pulmonary edema following a significant central nervous system (CNS) insult. Define neurogenic lung edema. Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. Transfusion-related lung injury. Introduction: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of pulmonary edema after sudden raise of intracranial pressure. A type of pulmonary edema called neurogenic pulmonary edema can occur after a head injury, seizure or brain surgery. Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is an increase in pulmonary interstitial and alveolar fluid that is due to an acute central nervous system injury and usually develops rapidly after the injury [].It is sometimes classified as a form of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but its pathophysiology and prognosis are different. Physical examination of patients with pulmonary edema is usually remarkable for dyspnea, tachypnea.The presence of abnormal cardiac examination on physical examination is diagnostic of cardiogenic pulmonary edema. 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